High-Level and Low-Level Programming Languages

Are you looking for information on High-level and Low-level Programming Languages? You are in the right place.

High-Level Language

High-level language is a programming language (e.g. C, Pascal and more) that allows a developer to create a program that is somewhat independent of any particular computer type. Languages like these are considered HLL (High-Level Language) since they are relevant to human languages and machines can’t understand them.

In computers, a high-level programming language is a kind of language that means it is simpler for people to create rules without worrying too much concerning the inner processes of the computer. On another hand, low-level language might use daily language or be more straightforward to work with. It can also automate huge elements of computer systems, and it is simpler to produce applications and understand them in comparison to using a more technical language. The level of abstraction determines how “high-level” a programming language is.

high level and low level language

List of High-Level Languages

  1. C++
  2. JavaScript
  3. Python
  4. C#
  5. Ruby
  6. GO
  7. Perl
  8. PHP
  9. Rust

Advantages and Disadvantages of High-Level Language


  • Simple to use
  • User familiar
  • Time management is easy
  • Easy to understand
  • Languages used are mostly English and user-friendly language
  • More than machine language it is problem-oriented
  • Easy to debug


  • Execution is slow
  • Occupies more memory
  • Hardware control is less
  • Not Time-efficient
  • Object code

Low-Level Language

A low-level programming language is a programming language that provides little or no abstraction from a computer’s training set architecture instructions or operates in the language place directly to model instructions. Generally, this describes machine rules or assembly language. The word “low” describes the small or nonexistent amount of abstraction involving the language and machine language; due to this, these languages are now and again described as being “near to the hardware”. Programs published in these languages are generally relatively non-portable.

List of Low-Level Languages

  • Assembly language
  • Machine language

Advantages and Disadvantages of Low-Level Languages


  • Assembly and Machine Code are Examples of Low-Level Languages.
  • Low-Level Language can directly communicate with computer hardware and other devices.
  • They can manipulate or play with register and storage devices.
  • Low-level directly utilize and work with computer CPU and memory for better functionality.
  • They are fast and reliable in executing information.
  • The computer can easily understand this language written in binary code 0s and 1s.
  • They are used in the development of system software.
  • The program in these languages runs and executes faster as they need less memory for execution.
  • A computer programmer has unrestricted access and control over the computer’s internal system.
  • The codes are executed faster in machine language.


  • Assembly and Machine Code are difficult to learn.
  • The codes written in Low-Level Language are incredibly tedious to execute.
  • Low-level language is difficult to learn and implement.
  • The syntax and code are difficult to read and write.
  • Low-level language does not support the development of online applications and desktop software.
  • The low-level language does not require a translator, compiler, or interpreter.
  • This language takes a considerable amount of time to code.
  • Rectifying errors and bugs is tough to debug and solve.
  • Coding in it is time-consuming and tedious.
  • They are not portable.

Levels of Programming Languages

Source code: A developer writes code.

Compiler: A program that changes written code into assembly, bytecode, or machine code.

Assembly: A low-level source-like language specific to a machine or an application.

Bytecode: A low-level binary representation of code that can be run by other applications.

Machine code: A binary representation of code that can be run directly by hardware.

Difference between High-Level and Low-Level Programming Languages

It is a programmer-friendly language. It is a machine-friendly language.
High-level language is less memory efficient. Low-level language is highly memory efficient.
High-level language is easy to understand. Low-level language is tough to understand.
Debugging is easy. Debugging is complex comparatively.
High-level language is simple to maintain. Low-level language is complex to maintain comparatively.
It is portable. Low-level language is non-portable.
High-level language can run on any platform. Low-level language is machine-dependent.
High-level language needs a compiler or interpreter for translation. Low-level language needs an assembler for translation.
High-level language is used widely for programming. Low-level language is not commonly used nowadays.

high level language

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 3 levels of Programming Languages?

  1. High-level language
  2. Machine language
  3. Assembly language

Is Python High Level or Low Level?

Python is a high-level programming language.

What is the Lowest Programming Language?

Machine language is the lowest programming language.

Is Low-Level Language Easy?

Low-level languages are simple but difficult to use.


We hope you have learned something about High-level and Low-level Programming Languages.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *