Software development in C++ has a steep learning curve, but taking the time to learn this language will do prodigies for your career and will set you apart from other developers. You’ll have an easier time picking up new languages, you’ll form real problem-working skills, and make a solid foundation in the fundamentals of programming and software engineering.
In this post, we will take you through a beginner’s roadmap to learning C so you can feel confident as you begin your expedition.
History of C++ Language
C++ is one of the oldest programming languages, so there are numerous different performances. Having a sense of this history will stick you in the community of C++ programmers and give you a sense of its capabilities.
Bjarne Stroustrup invented this programming language in 1979 while working on his Ph.D. thesis at Bell Labs. C++ was designed as an extension of the programming language, thus the original name “C with Classes”. Stroustrup’s thing was to add flexibility and OOP (object-oriented programming) to the language. He included features similar to classes, strong type checking, default function arguments, and introductory inheritance.
This included The Standard Template Library (STL), furnishing common programming functions and data structures. The language saw another modification in 2011 when C 11 was completed. This interpretation includes features similar to Regex support, new libraries, new syntax for loops, the auto keyword, and new container classes, amongst other effects.
Overview of C++ Language Tools and Software
In order to properly make programs, you’ll need to be familiar with many tools and software a text editor, a compiler, a linker, and libraries.
Text Editors In order to write a program, you need a text editor. Suppose this is a blank Microsoft Word document, it’s where you’ll actually write your code. Any text editor will do, and there are indeed some that come erected into your computer, but we recommend using a text editor designed for rendering. There are numerous options out there, but some of the most common text editors for developers are
Notepad++: open-access, lightweight, simple
Atom: is free, supports many languages, limited plugins
Sublime Text: $80, unique features, simple layout
Bluefish: lightweight, fast,multi-platform, and supports numerous languages
A compiler goes through your source code to negotiate two important tasks first, it checks that your code follows the language rules; second, it translates your code into an object train. Some well-known compilers are GCC, Clang, and the Visual Studio compiler. We don’t recommend Turbo C, since it’s a bit out of date.
The C Standard Library, which is a prepackaged bundle of code that can be reused, is what defines a library. This C library is linked to nearly every program. You can also add other libraries to your program if you have requirements not met by the Standard Library.
Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
Numerous programmers use an IDE rather than a text editor and compiler. An IDE is a one-stop shop for programming. It includes a text editor, linker, compiler, and libraries. There’s no right or wrong compiler to use. It all comes down to your requirements and what layout is stylish for you. Some of the stylish IDEs include:
CodeBlocks: free, in-demand features, plugins by users
Visual Studio Code: open source, has great features, cross-platform
Eclipse: open source, simple, cross-platform, need to install C++ language components